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The body can develop many harmless lumps. They are generally not a sign of cancer but it is always best to get them checked by a doctor.
Lumps that are not cancers are called benign. They are harmless but may still be removed by surgery, if they are causing discomfort or there is a chance they could develop into a cancer.
Lumps that are cancers are called malignant. These need to be detected and treated as early as possible. Quick treatment gives the best chance of a successful treatment.
|Normal range||Chronic Myelogenous Leukaemia (CML)|
|White blood cells per mm3||4 - 10,000||100,00+|
|Haemoglobin (grammes per litre)||12 - 18||less than 8|
|Platelets per mm3||150,000 - 450,000||100,000|
|Blood smear examined under a microscope:
The medicines used to treat the different types of leukaemia may vary but treatments can include:
As with any cancer, the earlier the treatment is started, the better the chance of recovery. Two common childhood leukaemias are Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL) and Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML). Treatments for these cancers continue to improve and the graph shows the percentage of children alive five years after being diagnosed with leukaemia. These children are highly likely to be completely cured.