This topic takes on average 55 minutes to read.
In the digestive system, enzymes break down large insoluble molecules (e.g. starch, proteins and fats) into small soluble molecules that can be absorbed into the blood from the small intestines.
|Large insoluble molecule||Type of enzyme||Small soluble product|
|Carbohydrate (e.g. starch)||Carbohydrase||Simple sugars (e.g. glucose)|
|Protein||Protease (e.g. pepsin)||Amino acids|
|Fat/Lipids||Lipase||Glycerol and fatty acids|
You can learn more about the role of enzymes in digestion in the diet and digestion topic.